Broiler Industry in South Sudan
Chicken in many forms has always been a dish to relish among most South Sudanese. Widely accepted and consumed, the demand for chicken is only increasing.
The Broiler segment in South Sudan has continuously grown and is currently consuming over 4 million Chickens every year and ironically all of that quality is imported into South Sudan with no sound quality. In a country like South Sudan, chicken meat and products is highly demanded and is growing rapidly due to lack of religious associations. All this provides great potential for success and growth in the poultry industry in the country.
Opportunities for Broiler
It is a well-known fact that the Republic of South Sudan preferred fresh chicken which is generally sold as live birds and slaughtered in the neighborhood shops. However over the years South Sudan has been importing frozen chicken which has a lot of health concerns. South Farmers Company Limited has made the consumption of fresh chicken possible, the company now offers consumers to consume fresh dressed chicken and fresh chilled chicken as well as live birds across the country. The our company is positioned to reach out to the consumers and meeting the increasing demand which will result to continuous growth of the broiler market.
Farming in the Republic of South Sudan
Poultry farming in the Republic of South Sudan has remain undeveloped over the years and our presence in the country with modern hatchery facility for the production of Day Old Chicks, local feed production, availability of vet and other poultry drugs and inputs present an opportunity for the potential poultry farmers in the country. Our company is currently organising broiler farmers in a network of integrated farming also known as contract farming or out-growers, this will ensure that we are able to consistently supply the local market with poultry products. With this model poultry farmers will not need to worry about the market but rather they should focus on production and our company takes care of their marketing needs, training and supply of inputs locally produce to ensure that farmers are able to succeed in poultry farming as a business. This is a model that is pioneered by South Farmers Poultry and we are sure that South Sudanese poultry farmers will find great relief and satisfaction in this model.
The integrated / contract farming model is gaining significant amount of popularity and acceptance among poultry farmers. This model protects and retains the interests of both the farmer and the integrator. The popularity of this model is influenced by the fact that the integrator takes most of the risks as opposed to an independent farmer. The integrator takes full responsibility of providing day old chicks, feed, medicines and supervision to the farmers. In addition, the integrator brings Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), and technical know-how which leads to higher productivity. Absence of these benefits resulted in heavy investments, multiple sources of interaction, and overall poor yield to the independent farmer. Last but not the least, farmers are assured of considerable earnings in the integrated / contract farming model.
So, if you are ready to experience less risks and assured returns, join our ever growing family of emerging poultry farmers in the Republic of South Sudan. We have a number of company owned and operated farms as well as numerous independent contract farmers in Juba, to meet the demands of our customers.
Our chickens are delivered to farms as day old chicks. The desired processing age is determined by our customers weight specifications, but is normally achieved between 5 to 8 weeks of age at which time they are scheduled for delivery to the processing plant.
Better management results in better productivity! You could be an experienced farmer or venturing newly into the poultry industry. But effective poultry management is essential for the overall development and health of the bird. South Farmers Company Limited and its team of experts will help you throughout the relationship providing valuable guidance and management tips.
While you are considering joining our successful family of farmers, we encourage you to read through some basics of Broiler management.
The overall broiler performance is dependent on several management practices. Brooder management is one of the important aspects of broiler rearing and management. The early/ developmental stage becomes critical for the overall result and growth of the bird. Hence, care should be taken right from day one.
Following are the objectives for brooding management:
- To ensure strong growth progression from day-old through to 7 days
- To develop appetite and promote feather growth
- To achieve target bodyweight by 14 days / 2 weeks and maintain a smooth curve through to 28 days / 4 weeks
- To maintain uniformity across the flock
Effective brooding management includes providing the chicks with the right temperature, relative humidity, air quality, good quality feed and water. Key points in brooding management are:
- Clean, disinfect and fumigate the shed and equipment well before the arrival of the chicks
- Check for the right temperature and humidity levels 24 hours prior to the arrival of the birds
- Ensure chicks have immediate access to fresh water and feed
- Use chick behavior as an indicator of satisfactory temperature levels
- Replenish feed constantly during the brooding period
- Monitor and ensure chicks feeding by crop fill scores
These activities when followed collectively will result in good early development of skeletal size, immune system and cardiovascular system and also improves appetite.
Grower & Finisher Management
The grower stage is between the 14th and 28th day of the birds life cycle. During this stage, the management objectives are to help the birds develop their immune system, uniform growth, sexual maturity and production. The important functions of this stage is grading of the birds on the basis of their weight, check and maintain body weight on a weekly basis, feed and water management and vaccination. The birds above 28th day of age till lifting are termed finisher.
The environment in which the birds are reared becomes critical for their performance. In addition, it would help if the farm is located closer to the production and marketing centers. A farm that has access to good roads and easy transportation has an added advantage.
While setting up a farm, there are a set of must have requirements to be adhered to. Below is a list of the requisites to setting up a poultry farm:
Water availability throughout the year. Water quality : Hardness below 750 ppm, pH 6.0 to 8.5
Shed breadth should be 25 feet and shed floor should be at least 2 feet above ground level
E.B service, Tube light @ 1No for every 400 sq. ft, is essential
Foot bath / dip with disinfectant for better bio – security
Separate feed room near to the shed with stacking arrangement for feed bags
- Water tank - 2 Nos (One for medication and another for drinking water) with capacity of 500 litres for every 1000 sq. ft
- Side Curtain for the entire length of the shed for both sides, inside and outside
- Partition for every 500 sq. ft
- Provision of death pit for disposal of dead birds
- Plat farm Provision for placing weighing scales 3 feet X 3 feet
Ready to start a Broiler Project?
Contact us for more information about how to start a Broiler Project.
How can I tell if my chicken is healthy? Are there any obvious signs?
Positive signs of health are bright eyes, red comb, dry nostrils, shiny feathers (with most of them there), good weight, clean feathers under the tail, and an alert and active manner.
Lack of feathers could be due to the annual moult (late summer/autumn) on any part of the body. Missing feathers on the tail could be due to other hens pulling them out due to mineral deficiency or stress.
Lack of feathers on the neck sides may be due to the other hens or the de-pluming mite.
Broken and/or missing feathers on the back of the neck and back of the females may be due to over/vigorous attention from the male bird.
How do I inspect a chicken for health problems?
Hold the bird so that it is balanced by resting its weight on your left forearm, its head under your left arm, its legs held between the fingers of your left hand with its tail pointed away from you.
This leaves your right hand free to inspect the bird for positive signs of health, and lice or mites.
I have one hen with feather loss around her neck. Could this be pecking related?
She might just be molting. When chickens molt it sometimes starts on the neck and tails.
Chickens will pick and eat feathers if they need extra protein. Try feeding some rainworms or cat food about 2-3 times week until they finish their molt. Also use dye on her to disguise the blood.
What is Bird Flu?
Bird flu or avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds ranging from mild to severe form of illness.
All birds are thought to be susceptible to bird flu, though some species are more resistant to infection than others. Some forms of bird flu can cause illness to humans.
How do I stop feather picking?
The tendency for feather picking varies widely among different breeds of chickens. Commercial flocks generally use beak-trimming to reduce the birds' ability to harm one another.
Feather picking is increased by: overcrowding; malnutrition; and, inadequate feeder and water container space. Giving the birds access to free range space usually prevents feather picking.
Note: Mysterious feather loss is usually caused by molting or, if it's concentrated on the backs of hens, by roosters during mating. It may also be caused by feather lice. Molting is the natural process of replacing old feathers with new ones, and can also be triggered by stress.
I am getting shell-less eggs. What do I do?
Shell-less eggs are held together by the membranes alone. This may be related to a lack of calcium or vitamin D. Hens synthesize vitamin D from sunlight so this will not be a problem if they are free-range.
Eggshells require a lot of calcium. A feeder full of ground oystershells can provide the calcium they need.
How often do hens need to be treated for worms?
Hens should be wormed at least twice a year. The most common licensed product for worming poultry is Flubenvet. You can only buy a 240 gram tub.
My chickens have black spots on their crowns, what kind of disease is this?
Any loss of colour on the comb usually indicates a circulatory problem, possibly heart disease. Blackness indicates dead tissue due to loss of blood supply or dried blood (try washing it off). It could also be frostbite or damage from fighting.
If it is Fowl Pox there are 2 types:
- The dry form is very common and does not really cause any damage unless the pox forms right beside the eyes. The dry pox will go through a flock in about two weeks and then it is over.
- The wet form can be a serious problem and it is where the pox forms down their throats. If you have a wet form of the pox you can vaccinate your flock to stop it from spreading.