Layer Farms are where chickens are grown for the purpose of producing table eggs.
Layer Industry in South Sudan
Egg being an excellent source of proteins is fast becoming a favorite among urban dwellers in the Republic of South Sudan. Our country today is the largest egg importer in the region. The layer segment in South Sudan is all set to grow in the coming years and it is high time for the poultry farmers to position themselves.
Today, with more and more ‘eggitarians’ on the rise, egg consumption is expected to grow steadily.
Opportunities for Layer Farming in South Sudan
The overall global demand for eggs is growing, more in South Sudan. With rapidly changing lifestyles, affluent culture, and a conscious need for general wellness, South Sudan consumers are now opting for a more protein-rich diet. The changing trends are definitely a boon for the layer sector in South Sudan. Affluent lifestyles and rapid development in the retail and food service industries is expected to fuel the growth, adding to this is the health conscious South Sudanese shifting from imported eggs with healthy concerns to fresh eggs locally produced.
In addition, the South Sudan consumers’ preference is increasing for clean, safe, hygienic nutritious and properly packed, labeled and presentable food products including eggs. Introduction of modern state of-the-art technology in processing, packaging, labeling, preservation of eggs is required to improve “quality" for domestic and export markets. With high rate of imported poultry products, the domestic products have to maintain "quality" to face the stiff competition. Also, the demand for branded or specialty eggs is fast growing at an estimated rate. Branded or specialty eggs offer innovative products to the consumer. These range from eggs that are low in cholesterol, to those fortified with vitamins, protein, iron and other everyday essential nutrients. This category is growing steadily in our towns with a huge potential consumer base.
Are you ready to capitalize on this growth phenomenon in the South Sudan layer industry? Now, be part of South Farmers Company Limited family of growing successful farmers and benefit from this opportunity.
Prevention is better than cure – as it has been said, prevention and exposure to vulnerabilities is one of the most critical aspects of poultry management. In the current scenario, a large number of birds are reared in individual farms calling for severe measures to control the spread of outbreaks and diseases.
Infectious agents can enter the farm in many possible ways and result in widespread diseases. An efficient bio-security program is necessary to curb diseases in a timely manner and prevent your farm from being affected. In addition, bio-security programs also help you achieve maximum returns on your efforts and investments. You will experience this in the form of enhanced livability, growth rate and feed conversion efficiency by keeping the birds healthy throughout the lifecycle.
Diseases can enter right from recently acquired birds from outside flocks, infected eggs, dust and manure from equipments and supply vehicles, improper disposal of carcasses, water impurities and importantly human feet, hands and clothes among many other factors. Hence, everyone in your farm – whether directly or indirectly involved - needs to diligently follow bio-security measures for the overall health of your farm.
When you are with South Farmers Company Limited, you will receive expert assistance in setting up bio-security programs. South Farmers Company Limited experts will help you design and deploy bio-security programs in 3 stages:
Stage 1: Conceptual
Stage 2: Structural
Stage 3: Operational
Remember, Bio-security pays. Consult South Farmers experts for effective Bio-security management.
Shed management ensures the birds get proper care and facility to support development and performance. Good housekeeping and day-to-day sanitation practices improve and help maintain the overall health of complete flocks.
Isolation of flock and restriction of workers movement is very essential to maintaining the sanctity of the farm. Ensure there is a clearly demarcated area for flocks belonging to different age groups. This level of hygienic maintenance should be applied at a day-to-day level thereby reducing spreading of diseases and controlling of mortality rates. In the event farm supervisors and managers are required to move between sheds, you are recommended to guide them to visit flocks in the ascending order of age and follow the cleansing process duly. In the event of an outbreak, restrict total movement of visitors and workers in to the affected sheds. For crisis management, call on your South Farmers Company Limited representative who in turn will guide you.
Each time you are bringing in a new flock, ensure the shed is thoroughly cleaned as per recommended guidelines. While cleaning the shed, ensure that the equipment are disinfected and also remove the old litter from the premises. In addition, make arrangements to sell out the manure before the previous stock is moved or culled.
Storage places for feed and medicines need to be cleaned regularly. Feed should always be stored in a cool and dry place. Vaccines and medicines need to be stored as per the manufacturer’s recommendations. For a healthy farm, periodic pest control programs need to be enforced.
Do not encourage movement of visitors and vehicles in the farm unless extremely necessary. If visitors and vehicles are entering the farm, restrict entry only after they go through the cleansing and disinfectant process.
Lastly, as a sign of a healthy farm, prominently display sign boards at the entrance of the farm to read – “Our disease prevention program restricts entry only to employees. Your cooperation is appreciated”.
Better management results in better productivity! You could be an experienced farmer or new to the poultry industry, effective poultry management is essential for the overall development and health of the bird. South Farmers and its team of experts will help you throughout the relationship by providing valuable guidance and management tips.
While you are considering joining our successful family of poultry farmers, we encourage you to read through some basics of Layer management.
Effective pullet management focuses on good skeletal muscular development, better and healthy immune producing organs. The first three weeks are very crucial in the layer chicken’s life. The space available to chicks plays a major role in the pullet’s growth. Pullet’s overall growth and development are dependent on proper feed and diet programs. Achieving weekly standard weight gain is important in layer performance, monitor and grade the pullets from day one.
Prevention is better than cure-So vaccinate your pullets based on your farm and areas disease load. Our technical team will support you to decide the vaccination schedule. Give more emphasis on debeaking. Follow the guideline for correct temperature South Farmers Company Limited advises all customers to use automatic voltage control. Debeak the chicks 9 to 11 days of its life. If necessary do it again on or before the 11th week.
You can gain more knowledge and step-by-step guidance from South Farmers Company Limited team of experts.
In the poultry industry, it is a well-established fact that the quality of feed intake directly impacts the outcome of the product. With South Farmers Company Limited and Lohmann layers, feed intake capacity is genetically well established. However, it is essential that due care is taken while monitoring feed to the birds throughout its lifecycle.
The chickens energy requirements through feed is determined by factors such as body weight, production rate, egg size, temperature, air movement and feathering. Essential nutrient and mineral supply through feed management defines the overall productivity of the bird. Feed types vary at different stages of the bird’s lifecycle. South Farmers Company Limited experts will guide you throughout and help you administer the right feed types throughout the process.
Facts indicate that 60% - 70% of the bird and 70% of the egg are made up of water. Hence, water becomes an absolutely essential element for the overall development. As birds don’t have inbuilt storage mechanisms, it becomes necessary to provide them water regularly. Water consumption in birds vary depending on weather conditions, feed consumption, mineral levels in feed and importantly the type of housing – floor or cage.
Since water plays a key role in the lifecycle and general wellbeing of the bird, a good water management program is critical. Good quality water should always be sufficient and available in continuous supply. Effective water management ensures no microbiological or chemical contamination is found along with keeping the water cooler than environmental temperature.
For worry free layer farming, South Farmers Company Limited recommends you to test water samples as described below:
- Test for Microbiological contaminations at least once every month
- Test for Chemical contaminations at least once a year from every bore well
- Regularly disinfect water provided to the chicken
- Check if the water source is adequately disinfected or if sanitizer used is present in excess levels
- Plan out a detailed action plan with South Farmers Company Limited experts after receiving the analysis / reports
Birds are more sensitive to light compared to humans. Hence, effective Lighting Management is essential in poultry management. Lighting can influence the onset of lay, early egg size and the total number of eggs produced. Lighting varies from differing environments including both open and brown houses. With South Farmers Company Limited, you can benefit from our vast experience in poultry management. Our experts provide you few insights and basic tips on lighting management.
- Care should be taken to maintain light intensity at the same levels or even higher during the last weeks of rearing
- In growing step down lighting from 3rd week onwards and bring to 12 hours lighting ( natural and if required artificial light ) 7th week onwards
- Stimulate lighting based on body weight. Our advices you to stimulate light as soon as the bird reaches 1100 grams of body weight.
- It is important that you do not increase the length of day until you are prepared to start stimulation
- During production, it is essential not to decrease the length of day as it would affect the outcome of the eggs
- Light stimulation also helps you either to delay production or increase egg weight at the start
- While transferring pullets from dark out rearing facilities to alternative housing systems with natural light stresses the birds.
- South Farmers Company Limited strongly recommends growing the pullets in brown out houses .For user friendly methodology contact South Farmers Company Limited Corp technical adviser about brownout house
With South Farmers Company Limited, you will benefit from its all round support capabilities. You can reach South Farmers Company Limited experts for more detailed information and assistance.
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What is Biosecurity?
Biosecurity means taking steps to make sure that good hygiene practices are in place. This will help prevent the spread of disease.
Disease may not always be apparent, especially in the early stages.
Be clean when handling birds or moving between different premises. Preventing disease-causing germs or microbes from entering your premises is the key to flock health.
A good biosecurity routine is always essential – not just when there is a major disease outbreak.
What are the benefits?
- Helps keep out exotic poultry diseases such as Avian flu and Newcastle Disease
- Reduces the risk of zoonotic diseases such as salmonella becoming established
- Limits the spread of diseases and helps to protect your neighbours, public health and the countryside
- Improves overall flock health
- Reduces losses
How does disease spread?
Microbes travel from place to place via animals, vehicles, equipment, and people . Disease is spread through:
- Movement of poultry, people, vehicles and equipment
- The introduction of birds of low or unknown health status
- Contact with other flocks
- Using shared equipment and vehicles, which have not been effectively cleansed and disinfected
- Contact with vermin and wild birds
- Birds drinking from contaminated water sources
- Birds eating contaminated feed and
- Unsatisfactory cleansing and disinfection of vehicles, sheds, feeding troughs and other equipment. Many germs die in two or three days but, under certain conditions (such as cold damp surroundings), they survive much longer.
Even with a short, one-day survival, germs can travel several hundred miles when clinging to animals, people and equipment.
What Actions can I take?
- Feed and water free range birds indoors where possible to reduce mixing between your birds and wild birds.
- If you have free range birds you should plan how you will manage them if there is a need to isolate them from wild birds.
- Keep accurate and up-to-date records to ensure that your produce is fully traceable.
- If you have other people looking after your birds, give them the information and training they need to maintain strict standards of hygiene and biosecurity at all times.
How do I stop disease?
- Do not bring infection from a farm on your clothes, footwear or hands.
- Clean and disinfect vehicles after visiting a farm.
- Limit and control access to poultry flocks.
- Have pressure washers, brushes, hoses, water and an approved disinfectant available.
- Regularly clean and disinfect all crates, containers and other equipment before and after use.
- Minimise contact between poultry and wild birds.
- Prevent accumulation of standing water and remove spilled feed that could attract wild birds.
- Maintain buildings to ensure that wild birds do not nest or roost in them.
- Keep wild birds, dogs, cats, rodents or other livestock out of poultry buildings and feed stores.
- Have an active rodent and pest control system in place. Be vigilant for evidence of vermin. Monitor vermin activity by baiting and trapping.
- Supply only clean fresh drinking water to birds. Water lines and drinkers must be flushed through and cleaned regularly.
- Feed bins, hoppers and feeding equipment must be cleaned and maintained regularly.
- Feed silos and containers must be sealed to prevent animals and wild birds contaminating feed.
- Feed should only be obtained from a supplier that operates in accordance with relevant Defra Codes of Practice.
- Damaged eggs, dead birds, litter and manure may carry disease. Dispose them promptly and properly.
- Disinfect the coup and all equipment (including ducting, drains, etc.) and carry out rodent and other pest control. Cleaning equipment and protective clothing should also be cleaned and disinfected.
What should I consider when buying new stock?
- Make sure you know the health status of any birds you are buying or moving.
- Incoming stock should be isolated from the rest of the flock initially.
- Only place new stock in facilities which you know have been cleansed and disinfected.
- Keep isolation buildings separate from other poultry buildings. Use separate equipment when handling isolated stock.
- Wash hands and boots before going back to your main flock buildings.
- Raising different types of fowl can be risky from a disease point of view. Microbes that cause little or no harm to one type of fowl can be devastating to another. For example, influenza viruses, though common and usually not bothersome in waterfowl, can produce severe disease in chickens and turkeys.
What else can I do?
Be vigilant! Look out for signs of disease in your flock. Increased mortality, falling egg production and respiratory distress may be early signs of a disease problem. If you suspect disease, ask your veterinarian for advice as soon as possible. Some diseases can spread very quickly! Avian influenza and Newcastle Disease are notifiable diseases.
Always practice good biosecurity. You have a lot to gain if you do and much to lose if you don't.